While not open to the public, the Ringling Bros. Center for Elephant Conservation coordinates visits by researchers, academicians and conservationists, and shares knowledge gained with the scientific community.Below are some published studies in which Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey® has supported and participated:Publish
Gajah - Tuberculosis in Elephants: Assessing Risks Versus Resources Click here to download article
KISO - Asian Elephant Cryopreservation Click here to download article
WIEDNER - Strangulating Intestinal Obstructions in Four Captive Elephants Click here to download article
WIJEYAMOHAN - A simple technique to estimate linear measurements of elephants Click here to download article
JANKOWSKI - Dilated Ureters, Renal Dysplasia, and Chronic Renal Failure in an African Elephant Click here to download article
LEI - Genetic diversity in North American captive Asian elephants Click here to download articleResults of vaccination of Asian elephants with monovalent inactivated rabies vaccine Ramiro Isaza, DVM, MS; Rolan D. Davis, MS; Susan M. Moore; Deborah J. Briggs, PhD(AJVR November 2006) Click here to read abstractMedical Management of a Corneal Stromal Abscess in a Female Asian Elephant (Elephas Maximus)Ellen B. Wiedner, V.M.D., Dipl. A.C.V.I.M., Ramiro Isaza, D.V.M., M.S., Dipl. A.C.Z.M., Laurence E. Galle, D.V.M., Dipl. A.C.V.O., Kathleen Barrie, D.V.M., Dipl. A.C.V.O., and William Lindsay, D.V.M., Dipl. A.C.V.S.(Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 37(3):397-400, 2006)Click here to read abstractMirrors as Enrichment for Asian Elephants(Elephas maximus)Charles W. Hyatt, Troy Metzler, Brian French, and Deborah Fahrenbruck (JEMA, Volume 14, Number 3)Click here to read abstractBehavior of Circus Elephants During TransportJ.L. Williams and T.H. Friend(JEMA, Volume 14, Number 3)Click here to read abstractA complete list of studies may be found in the Library of Scientific Publications section located in this site.
EEHV infects only elephants and usually has a fatal outcome
within a week of onset of symptoms, which include head and neck swelling,
tongue cyanosis and lethargy. Elephants with EEHV symptoms are immediately
started on famciclovir or ganciclovir (anti-herpes drugs used in humans) to
increase their chance of survival.
Young Asian elephants are especially vulnerable to EEHV, as
about half the deaths of young elephants in captivity are attributed to the
disease. EEHV is a herpes virus, and as with human herpes viruses, can go
latent after the primary infection. Most
elephants seem to be latently infected by EEHV and shed the virus occasionally
throughout their lives, as humans do with their herpes viruses. EEHV will not infect humans, and conversely,
human herpes viruses will not infect elephants.
Researchers have confirmed that EEHV is also found in
elephants in the wild. There have been
about 20 deaths attributed to EEHV in Asian countries; EEHV is also found in
skin and lung nodules in wild African elephants. Dr. Ramiro Isaza, veterinarian
consultant at Ringling Bros. is
finishing up an epidemiologic study of EEHV in elephants residing in N.
America; one important finding from this study is that EEHV in Asian elephants
does not seem to be associated with exposure to African elephants.
The Ringling Bros. Center for Elephant Conservation is a 200-acre facility in Polk County, Florida, that serves as a superior environment for Asian elephant conservation, breeding, scientific study and retirement.To learn more click here.
Click here to read “Elephants Without Borders,” a white paper on the state of the Asian elephant in the world today.
Animal protectionists are working hard in Southeast Asia to protect the Asian elephants’ dwindling natural habitats and prevent the ever-growing conflicts between elephants and humans as they compete for space and resources. The problem may seem far away, but there are steps you can take to help the Asian elephant survive into the next century and beyond.
To learn more, click here.